|" Thermopile of Mewar "
The pride of Rajsamand District, “Haldighati” in known across the globe for the chivalrous deeds of the great Maharana Pratap. 44 kilometers from Udaipur and 17 kilometers from Nathdwara it is nestled in the middle of the Aravali range. This narrow turmeric coloured mountainous region which played a stellar role in defending the honour of Mewar dynasty, is known as Haldighati.
When Mughal commander attacked this region but had to beat retreat having been licked by the forces led by Maharana Pratap . Employing the guerilla warfare technique, the Rajput forces pushed the Mughals from the royal camp at Badshah Baag to open plains of Rakt Talai (Village Khamnor ). Accustomed to warfare in open plains, the mughal forces fought with Pratap but the outcome was indecisive. Maharana Pratap, astride his favourite stead “CHETAK” attacked Man singh with his spear killed the mahout while Man Singh managed to escape. During the encounter, one of Chetak’s hind legs was wounded from sword held in the elephant’s trunk creating an emergency.
Haldighati Tourist Map
हल्दीघाटी का रणक्षेत्र रक्त तलाई खमनोर से चेतक समाधी के सामने महाराणा प्रताप राष्ट्रीय स्मारक तक पूर्णतयः निःशुल्क दर्शनीय है। सरकारी संग्रहालय कागजो में दफ़न होकर स्मारक को संचालित करने वाली जिला कलक्टर की अध्यक्षता में गठित महाराणा प्रताप स्मृति संस्थान के संस्थापक सदस्य की निजी दुकान बन गई है जो 50 रुपया शुल्क लेकर बलीचा गांव में हल्दीघाटी की मर्यादा बेच रही है। सरकारी सिटी पैलेस उदयपुर में महाराणा से जुडी सामग्री मूल रूप से प्रदर्शनीय है। पर्यटक कृपया ध्यान देवे – मूल रणक्षेत्र रक्त तलाई सहित स्मारक अवश्य देखे ।
Jhala Maan of Bari Sadri took away the royal insignia from
Maharana Pratap who, though wounded himself, was fighting
valiantly, and made him leave the battlefield. Jhala Maan
died fighting but not before he had forced the Mughal army
to back off to the east . Even today, the “
Maana Talab” reminds us of this martyr. The
injured stead “Chetak” ran through the mountains
carrying Pratap finally across the stream near village Balicha
by jumping over it .There,finding Pratap safe, the loyal stead
breathed his last. It would be difficult to find another such
example of a Horse’s devotion and loyalty to its master.
The memorial stone and tomb of Chetak still exist adding glory
to this place.
Government of India has commissioned the construction of Maharana
Pratap National Memorial in the year 1997 and work almost
completed in the year 2008.After long delay Department of
Tourism inaugurated the Pratap statue,On 21st June 2009 in
presence of cabinet minister Dr. C.P.Joshi and State Tourism
Minister Smt. Bina Kak, Sports Minister Mangilal Garasia etc.
from this day name of Haldighati would appear in golden letters
on the map of World Tourism.
Haldighati is also world famous for it's chaitry rose
product and the( mud art) Terracota of Molela
but Department of Tourism is promoting a private cottage industry
by adding his information in Government publication instead
of battle ground Rakt Talai and Main Haldighati Pass. The
fact is in the protection of administration, this Cottage
Industry is creating a new history in Balicha village as the
part of Haldighati and doing trespass near National Monument.
still required promotion according to glory of this place
with rural upliftment of Village Tourism in Haldighati.
Maharana Pratap Singh Sisodia was born on 9th May,1540 at Kumbhalgarh Fort. Pratap was the heir apparent of Mewar dynasty by right being the son of the eldest of Maharana Udai Singh’s eighteen wives. Caught in the snares of love of his Bhatyani queen, Udai Singh hade made up his mind to deprive Pratap of his natural right and give the kingdom to jagmal the son of his favorite queen. He did not express his wish fearing the ability and popularity of Pratap would make the courtiers oppose such a nomination.
Udai Singh died on 28th February, 1572 in Gogunda. Conventionally, the heir apparent to the mewar throne does not participate in the funeral rites. Finding Jagmal absent, the courtiers enquired from the other son Sagar. On being informed that Jagmal is to rule the Kingdom, the courtiers made Jagmal leave the throne and crowned Pratap .
King Akbar was repeatedly making
war on mewar to fulfill his imperialistic designs. He won the battle
of Chittor perpetrating massive destruction and killing around 30000
civilians . This intensified hatred for Mughals in the hearts
of Pratap and his associates. To defend his honour and dignity,Pratap
undertook many battles, ultimately creating history with the battle
of Haldighati. Though ending indecisively,for once,the Rajputs forced
the Mughals to trust to their heels. On the afternoon of 18th June
1576, the commander of Mughal forces, Man Singh came out to face
Pratap.Vadi village, Which is known as Badshah Baag, was the place
where Man Singh planned the assault.
Following his victory in Dewair in 1582, Pratap made Chavand his capital from where he managed the rule of Mewar. After defending the motherland from mughals, the bravest son of Mewar breathed his last in 1597.
the birth anniversary of Pratap ever year, tribute is paid to this
great son of Mewar through cultural programmes with the participation
of tribal groups.
The Chetak Horse Festival was established in the year 1992 by Maharaj Narendra Singh, belonging to the royal family of mewar with the purpose to preserve, promulgate and promote the Marwari breed of Horses in India and
Since last year (2006) this fair is being organized on a larger scale by Department of Tourism and District Administration, Rajsamand, attracts tourists and stud farm owners alike. The Haldighati Tourism Society working for rural tourism andprovides adequate help to the tourists.
Nearest Airport: Udaipur (67 km.) *
Railway Station : Udaipur : 44 Km, *
Bus Stand : Nathdwara : 17 Km
Nathdwara is the World famous town for it's one of the richest " Shri Nath Ji Temple" in Mewar Kingdom of the India. In 1691,Emperor Aurangzeb decided to destroy all the hindu temples within his territory.This prompted the Maharana of Udaipur to move a particularly sacred statue of Krishna to Mathura under the name of Shri Nath Ji, in order to remove it from Aurangzeb's destructive wrath.
However the cart transporting the
idol is said to have got stuck in the mud here in a small village
namely "Sihad" near famous Lal Baag.
Attempts to free it from the mire failed, and it was decided to
build a shrine at Shri Nath Ji, since it was here that the divinity
himself had chosen to come to rest. The festival atmosphere and
the elaborate rituals surrounding the statue,rather than the beauty
of the temple itself, whose vast white walls are covered in modern
paintings, make the pilgrimage to Nathdwara worthwhile.
Nathdwara is loosing international
tourist due to wrong publicity in the book namely DISCOVER
RAJASTHAN published by Tourism Department in March 1997.
As per this book - " Foreign tourists are not permitted inside
"( Page No. 84, Number of copies published 1,00,000) but the
fact is " everybody are allow in the temple ". Nathdwara
is still waiting for Tourist Reception Center because round the
year VIP visit is the part of local administration daily work.